Deployment of tree resistance to insects in short-rotation Populus; D. Coyle, et al. Possibilities to utilize tree resistance to insects in forest pest management in central and western Europe; C.
Heidger, F. Deployment of tree resistance to pests in Asia; N. Nichols, et al. Du kanske gillar. Permanent Record Edward Snowden Inbunden. Inbunden Engelska, We use this information to provide you with access to the My CABI service, to provide you with technical or product support, and to keep the service working securely. We may also use digital footprint connection information such as your IP address and other technical identifiers, to collect usage data, click stream data, and information about the pages you visited and searched, to analyse usage for the purpose of enhancing and improving our service.
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ISBN 13: 9781402006180
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Display : 25 50 Previous record Next record. Actions Tools Choose a colour. The book resulted from an international symposium held at Iguassu Falls, Brazil, in August The 13 chapters review the major worldwide literature on mechanisms and deployment of resistance in trees to insects. General patterns in the mechanisms of resistance for defoliators, shoot insects, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. Mechanisms and deployment of resistance in trees to insects. The 13 chapters review the major worldwide literature on mechanisms and deployment of resistance in trees to insects insects Subject Category: Organism Names see more details.
General patterns in the mechanisms of resistance for defoliators, shoot insects, wood borers, bark beetles, and gall-forming insects are presented. Strategies for deployment of tree resistance in short-rotation biomass plantations, horticulture, and natural forests are discussed. Regional patterns of deployment of resistance for Europe, Asia and tropical forests illustrate the extent to which foresters are using environmentally appropriate genetic resistance genetic resistance Subject Category: Properties see more details as a pest management tool.
Therefore, development and deployment of host resistance is likely to be highly beneficial. Non-native phytophagous insects and phytopathogens in defense-free space continue to devastate the world's forests. Reestablishment of bottom-up regulation of these non-native PIPs through development and deployment of host resistance is essential to preserving the long-term value of healthy forests.
Timely and accelerated study of PIP and host ecology in the native and introduced ranges as soon as an invasive non-native PIP is recognized can help determine when defense-free space is the primary driver behind damage, and thereby prioritize interventions accordingly.
Interconnecting Forests, Science and People
Such rapid response is increasingly feasible with modern tree improvement programs Boshier and Buggs, ; Sniezko and Koch, However, to achieve genetically diverse, resilient tree populations requires substantial investment in programs aimed at developing host resistance as soon as eradication of lethal non-native PIPs invading defense-free space is determined to be impossible. In addition to protecting trees directly, resistance may also improve the efficacy of biological control as part of an integrated response to invasive forest insects Price et al.
Knowledge gaps include challenges associated with the integration of improved germplasm into naturally regenerating forest ecosystems that are managed by diverse stakeholders. Thus, resistance development programs should be carefully linked to restoration research and planning to ensure that improved germplasm is matched ecologically and silviculturally to management objectives Jacobs et al. There is also a need to incorporate emerging understanding of associational Plath et al. Experience has shown that relying on short-term emergency funding for research and development reduces the prospects for effective, long-term, ecosystem protection from non-native PIPs invading defense-free space.
The few historical examples of successful operational deployment of trees resistant to such non-native PIPs have benefitted from long-term support necessary for program continuity Sniezko, The prospects of integrating host resistance into responses against future invasive insect pests and pathogens will be increased where an established system is in place to:.
The above capabilities will be more effective where infrastructure is supported on a sustained and global scale, including field sites and biosafety level facilities staffed with tree geneticists and breeders collaborating with pathologists and entomologists. Success requires early and sustained support of host resistance programs through feasibility assessment, trait discovery, development, and sustainable deployment. Significantly greater commitment and resolve from government agencies and the public than presently available are essential Boshier and Buggs, ; Nelson and Koch, ; Sniezko and Koch, ; Woodcock et al.
All authors contributed to writing the manuscript, provided critical review during development, and read and approved the submitted version. The remaining authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. We are grateful to the attendees of the Conference on the Genetics of Tree-Parasite Interactions in Orleans, France for thoughtful discussion and debate of the concepts in this manuscript. Anagnostakis, S.
Chestnut blight: the classical problem of an introduced pathogen. Mycologia 79, 23— Barbosa, P. Associational resistance and associational susceptibility: having right or wrong neighbors. Blackburn, T. A proposed unified framework for biological invasions. Boshier, D. The potential for field studies and genomic technologies to enhance resistance and resilience of British tree populations to pests and pathogens. Forestry 88, 27— Dix, M. Dodd, R. Google Scholar. Dodds, K.
Silvicultural options to reduce pine susceptibility to attack by a newly detected invasive species, Sirex Noctilio. Duan, J. Natural enemies implicated in the regulation of an invasive pest: a life table analysis of the population dynamics of the emerald ash borer. Emerald ash borer biocontrol in ash saplings: the potential for early stage recovery of North American ash trees.
Van Driesche, R. Elkinton, J. Van Driesche, M. Hoddle, and T. Ellison, A. Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems.
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Mechanisms and Deployment of Resistance in Trees to Insects | Michael R. Wagner | Springer
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