Manual Nuclear Weapons-Free Zones

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Readers should note that Nautilus seeks a diversity of views and opinions on significant topics in order to identify common ground. In that model treaty, while it continued to be based upon the three plus three scenario, a six-party treaty, rather than a three-party treaty, was proposed. Security assurances by neighboring nuclear weapon states were incorporated into the main text of the treaty because they are deemed essential to the treaty negotiation process from its outset.

While these objectives still remain relevant today, substantial political changes have occurred in the past ten years, requiring a renewed assessment of the steps to be taken to advance the agenda of a NEA-NWFZ.

Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone

One positive development is the birth of the Six-Party Talks in August The Talks eventually involved the same six countries as proposed for the NWFZ and became a potential forum to discuss such a zone. When we developed a six-party model treaty, there was no September joint statement, the fundamental agreement among the six countries. Another innovative element was included in the joint statement.

On the other hand, the past five years have seen serious negative development regarding the DPRK nuclear program. The DPRK conducted two underground nuclear tests in and Although the weaponization of those devices has not yet been proven, it will not be surprising if this happens in the near future. In spite of the adoption of the UNGA resolution, French nuclear tests continued there for four years even after the independence of Algeria in Meanwhile a suspected nuclear weapon program in the Republic of South Africa emerged in and became the major obstacle to establishing an African NWFZ.

As the Tlatelolco Treaty adopted an ingenious provision for the entry into force, the organization to ensure compliance with the obligations of the Treaty, OPANAL, began operation in However, two major countries in the region with the most advanced nuclear technology, Brazil and Argentina, remained outside control of the treaty. It was suspected that competitive nuclear weapon programs of the two countries, including even preparation for nuclear tests that was later admitted by a Brazilian official, continued for decades.

Nuclear-weapon-free zone - Wikipedia

Photo credit: inform. The participants revised proposals to institutionalise inter-zonal cooperation.

The lack of constant interaction prevents the full realisation of the potential of nuclear-weapon-free zones, he said. The participants will establish recommendations on the second day of the seminar.

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  • It was opened for signature on 14 February and entered into force on 25 April The Treaty of Tlatelolco contains two Additional Protocols. It was opened for signature in Rarotonga Cook Islands , on 6 August and entered into force on 11 December The treaty contains three Protocols, which have been signed and ratified by the Nuclear Weapon States, with the exception of the United States, which has not yet ratified.