He participated in the battles of Kharkov, Krivoy Rog, Kirovograd, and Moldova, and was wounded twice, in and Neishtadt played chess at master level during the s and s, and was awarded the Soviet Master of Sport title in He was executive secretary of the magazine Shakhmatny v SSSR from to and deputy editor, then editor in chief of 64 magazine from to He also served as general editor for Sportverlag publishers of Berlin , collaborating with Mark Taimanov among others, producing a series of German-language opening theory books in the s and s.
He has also been a strong correspondence chess player, heading the USSR 'B' team in the 7th and 8th correspondence chess olympiads. Between and he played in the 12th World Correspondence Chess Championship finals, finishing in 7th place behind Grigory Sanakoev.
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Black has a queen and two pawns for two rooks, and in addition the white king is "bare". As soon as Black includes in the attack his black-squared bishop, which has no oppo- nent, it will all be over.
I attempt to restore them, to find new ideas and plans. In this search much has to be deemed ex- hausted, but much remains and is worked out more precisely and in more detail. In a well-known scheme niiances are found, and past intuition is reinforced by knowledge. Something of this nature can be said about a position which arose in this game. To this day it occurs in my games, including the most important encounters from the competitive point of view, such as, for example, one with Fischer at Curacao.
It is true that in the handl- ing of it certain subtleties have appeared, as will be related in the note to White's 10th move. Ie4 c5 2Nf3 d6 3d4 cxd4 4Nxd4 Nf6 5Nc3 a6 6Be2 7Nb3 9f4 10 f 5 eS Be6 Nbd7 Qc7 Today, instead of 10 f5 I would possibly choose 10 Khl, not revealing my cards and maintaining the tension in the centre as occurred in my game with Donner in the IBM Tournament , and would also wonder whether or not to advance the pawn to f4 a move earlier, before castling.
After all, in the game Black could have answered 9 f4 not only with 9. Qc7, but also more flexibly — Rc8, avoiding determining immediately the position of the queen. Is all this of any significance? I think it is, since by no means always does it reduce to a simple transposition of moves. As for the time when this game was played, then, nearly thirty years ago, opening positions were studied much less, and at times neither I, nor the majority of my colleagues, would pay any attention to such subtleties. Later the reader will be able to see that I quite often carry out such a plan against the Sicilian.
Moreover, formerly I did this purely intui- tively, whereas now intuition is based on 31 Sicilian Defence conviction.
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It is wrong to suppose that White's overall idea in the Sicilian Defence is an attack on the K-side. After all, in systems where his knight retreats from d4 to b3, all White's minor pieces, plus his queen's rook and queen are normally directed towards the Q-side, where Black is weakened due to the advance of his a- and b-pawns, and sometimes also the e-pawn the d5 square.
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Therefore it makes sense first to tie down Black's forces by activity on the Q-side, and only then, if the opportunity arises, to set one's sights on the black king. In the present game I managed to embody this idea in pure form. Nxd5 14eXd5Bxb3 15cXb3 Bc5. For this reason it is more accurate for White to withdraw his king — 12 Khl, as occurred in later games.
But, I repeat, then such nuances would at times remain beyond the bounds of analysis.
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Not so much a weakening of the K-side, which White in fact did not manage to exploit, so much as a loss of precious time : the pawn will have to be advanced further. In this connection Rc8 must be consi- dered inaccurate, provided only that Black did not associate it with It was better, as later played by Fischer, to castle on the 11th move followed by However, it soon transpires that Najdorf disregards this factor. Qc6 would not have made any essential difference. Indeed, his position would appear highly promising in the event of White accepting the temporary pawn sacrifice.
For example : 19 R X a6 Nc4, when on 20 Bel there follows Qb7 , and on 20 Qcl — But the point is that White does not engage in pawn-grabbing, but carries out a plan which Black with his last move was unable to prevent. Here are the steps of this plan : a Place the queen at e2 and transfer the rook from f2 to al, tying down all Black's heavy pieces to the defence of the a6 pawn.
As will be seen, it takes White twelve moves to implement his plan. He begins by eliminating one of the black pieces which is capable of defending d5. Qxb2 fails to 26 Rbl, but simply one of technique. The f2 square has to be covered against possible invasion by the black queen, which could have led to unnecessary complications in a position where White's advantage is undis- puted. Nxd5 with exd5, obtaining the square c6 for my knight. But here White's plan is close to fruition, and without necessity, as the saying goes, you should not change horses in midstream.
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Qc6 27Ne3 a5 28Rc4 Qa6 29 b3 Forestalling the further advance of the a-pawa But it was here that White would have gained the chance to strike at the king: 34 Qg4 aXb3 35 f6 g6 36 Qxh4, when he mates a move earlier. Black would have had to play If now Black checks at g3, it is his bishop that will be shut in. Therefore he must remove his king from the back rank, to have the possibility of switching his rook to h8 with counter-play against the h-pawn. This, and also his desire to undermine the pawn at f5, explains Black's next move, after which a purely text-book ending is reached.
Black's pawns are on squares of the same colour as his bishop, the white knight has an eternal post in the centre, and the white 33 king is free to move along the white squares, The win in such a position is merely a matter of time. Occupied with the imple- mentation of my plan, I overlooked this tactical possibility. But the white pawns are mobile, and the black pawns are not! So that an old saying is perfectly applicable to the outcome of this game — "it's an ill wind. The reader has the chance to satisfy himself that White follows his own recom- mendations, as given in the note to White's 10th move in Game No.
It is true that here, too. White played f2-f4 only on the ninth, and not the eighth move, but the reason for this was Black's transpo- sition of moves : first. Be7 and then. After the frequently-played move in the game the lack of defence for his a6 pawn makes it difficult for him to advance.
Black's last move is provoked by a desire to keep the white rook at a4 for some time, by tying it to the defence of the e4 pawn. On Qc7 White would have continued, as in the game, with 16 Be3. Ivkov thought for a long time and. If White responds with the direct 18 g4. Black successfully regroups by exploiting the position of the rook at a4: Nh7, when 19 Nd5 is inadequate in view of Qxa4, while 19 Raal is answered at just the right time by Ndf6, and without h2-h4 the g4-g5 break- through becomes impossible.
Nc5 did not appeal to Black because of 18Rc4!
Nc5 Here too Black answers 19NXc5 dxc5 20 g4 with the stereotyped but strong Therefore White goes a different way, and tries to exploit the weakening of the king's position caused by. Black's reply is practical- ly forced, after which 23 f6 is not possible due to the rook at al being undefended. After 23 c4 Black is helpless against the threats of 24 Bxh6 and 24 Rabl followed by Rxb7. But now he gains the opportunity to confuse matters, and White is required to play very prscisely. The black pawn succeeds in crossing the blockading square e3 and causes White considerable trouble.
White could have obtained this same position, but 35 Sicilian Defence with his bishop at e3 and the black pawn at e4, which is undoubtedly in his favour. Bd6 followed by the advance of the e-pawn. White has no time to make the capture 26 Rxb7.
Now his chief enemy is Black's passed pawn. Qc3 encounters the strong reply 28 Ref 1, when the threat of 29 f6 is very unpleasant [ BfS 29Bxg7. Forcibly transposing into a won ending. The pawn at e3 will not rim away. Losing control of the queening square dS. The only way to continue resisting was by White wins since, even if Black picks up the d6 pawn, he finishes a pawn up but with a lost pawn ending — a rather unusual occurrence.
It is here that the role of the a5 pawn is important, blocking Black's Q-side!
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A more flexible implementation of his plan would have given White good play. The game received a prize as one of the best in the tournament. He intends to reinforce his e4 pawn, place his knight on d5 and after its 36 Game No. The alternative plan of pressure in the centre and on the K-side is less dangerous for Black. For example, after 9 f4 a5 10 a4 Nb4 11 Be3 Qc7 White's actions are restricted, and Black prepares the counter.
At this point I realized that Pilnik was no longer thinking of playing actively on the Q-side, and had gone totally onto the defensive. According to Tarrasch "the bishop at f3 always stands badly", but otherwise the knight cannot be advanced to d5. For this reason I once played 9 D, and met 9. Be6 with an immediate 10 NdS. Too straightforward. Now Black easily sets up a blockade on the Q-side, and on the K-side he will have the initiative. White should have continued 13 Qd2 or 13 a4, and then endeavoured to transfer his bishop to the important square b5, from where it could have severely restricted Black's actions.
Here he misses the last chance of complicating the game.